Cognizant Placement Paper Fully Solved-3
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Questions are based on the following passage. "I want to criticize the social system, and to show it at work, at its most intense." Virginia Woolf's provocative statement about her intentions in writing Mrs. Dalloway has regularly been ignored by the critics, since it highlights an aspect of her literary interests very different from the traditional picture of the "poetic" novelist concerned with examining states of reverie and vision and with following the intricate pathways of individual consciousness. But Virginia Woolf was are ballistic as well as a poetic novelist satirist and social critic as well as a visionary: literary critics' cavalier dismissal of Woolf's social vision will not withstand scrutiny. In her novels, Woolf is deeply engaged by the questions of how individuals are shaped (or deformed) by their social Environments, how historical forces impinge on people's lives, how class, wealth, and gender help to determine people's fates. Most of her novels are rooted in a realistically rendered social setting and in a precise historical time. Woolf's focus on society has not been generally recognized because of her intense antipathy to propaganda in art. The pictures of reformers in her novels are usually satiric or sharply critical. Even when Woolf is fundamentally sympathetic to their causes, she portray people anxious to reform their society and possessed of a message or program as arrogant or dishonest, unaware of how their political ideas serve their own psychological needs own psychological needs. (Her Writer's Diary notes: "the only honest people are the artists," whereas "these social reformers and philanthropists...harbor...discreditable desires under the disguise of loving their kind....") Woolf detested what she called "preaching" in fiction ,too, and criticized novelist D.H.Lawrence (among others) for working by this method. Woolf's own social criticism is expressed in the language of observation rather than in direct commentary, since for her, fiction is a contemplative, not an active art. She describes phenomena and provides materials for a judgment about society and social issues; it is the reader's work to put the observation together and understand the coherent point of view behind them. As a moralist, Woolf works by indirection, subtly undermining officially accepted mores, mocking, suggesting, calling into question, rather than asserting, advocating, bearing witness: hers is the satirist's art .Woolf's literary models were acute social observers like Checkhov and Chaucer. As she put it in The Common Reader. "It is safe to say that not a single law has been framed or one stone set upon another because of anything Chaucer said or wrote; and yet, as we read him, we are absorbing morality at every pore." Like Chaucer, Woolf chose to understand as well as to judge, to know her society root and branch-decision crucial in order to produce art rather than polemic. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?
Virginia Woolf: Critic and Commentator on the Twentieth-Century Novel
Trends in Contemporary Reform Movements as a Key to Understanding Virginia Woolf's Novels
Society as Allegory for the Individual in the Novels of Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf's Novels: Critical Reflections on the Individual and on Society
In the first paragraph of the passage, the author's attitude toward the literary critics mentioned can best be described as?
skeptical but resigned
It can be inferred from the passage that Woolf chose Chaucer as a literary model because she believed that
Chaucer was an honest and forthright author, whereas novelists like D, H, Lawrence did not sincerely wish to change society
Chaucer was more concerned with understanding his society than with calling its accepted mores into question
Chaucer's writing was greatly, if subtly, effective in influencing the moral attitudes of his readers
Her own novels would be more widely read if, like Chaucer, she did not overtly and vehemently criticize contemporary society
It can be inferred from the passage that the most probable reason Woolf realistically described the social setting in the majority of her novels was that she?
was interested in the effect of a person's social milieu on his or her character and actions
needed to be as attentive to detail as possible in her novels in order to support the arguments she advanced in them
wanted to show that a painstaking fidelity in the representation of reality did not in any way hamper the artist
wished to prevent critics from charging that her novels were written in an ambiguous and inexact style
The author implies that a major element of the satirist's art is the satirist's
consistent adherence to a position of loft(B) insistence on the helplessness of individuals against the social forces that seek to determine an individual's fate
cynical disbelief that visionaries can either enlighten or improve their societies
fundamental assumption that some ambiguity must remain in a work of art in order for it to reflect society and social mores accurately
refusal to indulge in polemic when presenting social mores to readers for their scrutiny
Questions 6- 8 are based on the following passage. It is a popular misconception that nuclear fusion power is free of radioactivity; in fact, the deuterium-tritium reaction hat nuclear scientists are currently exploring with such zeal produces both alpha particles and neutrons, (The neutrons are used to produce tritium from a lithium blanket surrounding the reactor.) Another common is conception is that nuclear fusion power is a virtually unlimited source of energy because of the enormous quantity of deuterium in the sea. Actually, its limits are set by the amount of available lithium, which is about as plentiful as uranium in the Earth's crust. Research should certainly continue on controlled nuclear fusion ,but no energy program should be premised on its existence until it has proven practical. For the immediate future, we must continue to use hydroelectric power, nuclear fission, and fossil fuels to meet our energy needs. The energy sources already in major use are in major use for good reason. The primary purpose of the passage is to
admonish scientists who have failed to correctly calculate the amount of lithium
defend the continued short-term use of fossil fuels as a major energy source
caution against uncritical embrace of nuclear fusion power as a major energy source
correct the misconception that nuclear fusion power is entirely free of radioactivity
The passage provides information that would answer which of the following questions?
What is likely to be the principal source of deuterium for nuclear fusion power?
How much incidental radiation is produced in the deuterium-tritium fusion reaction?
Why are scientists exploring the deuterium-tritium fusion reaction with such zeal?
Why must the tritium for nuclear fusion be synthesized from lithium?
Which of the following statements concerning nuclear scientists is most directly suggested in the passage
Nuclear scientists exploring the decuterium-tritium reaction have overlooked key facts in their eagerness to prove nuclear fusion practical
Nuclear scientists may have overestimated the amount of lithium actually available in the Earth's crust.
Nuclear scientists have not been entirely dispassionate in their investigation of the deuterium-tritium reaction.
Nuclear scientists have insufficiently investigated the lithium-to-tritium reaction in nuclear fusion.
Select the most suitable form: Balding is much more common among White males than males of other races.
than is so of
She cleaned the house and after she ironed the clothes.
Question 10 Explanation:
She cleaned the house and after that she ironed the clothes.
I haven't finished the homework, and my brother hasn't either.
So hoarse he was that he could not make the speech.
She both speaks and she writes German very well.
Question 13 Explanation:
She both speaks and writes German very well
She has never been too demanding, nor does she plan to be so now.
Never I have had such bad experience in my life.
Question 15 Explanation:
Never have i had such bad experience in my life.
The more they have, the more they want.
He is very mature despite of his age.
Question 17 Explanation:
He is very mature despite his age
It's essential that he participates in the show.
Question 18 Explanation:
It's essential that he participate in the show.
I wish I had studied for the exam.
Arrange the sentences into proper order: S1: In the middle of one side of the square sits the Chairman of the committee, the most important person in the room. P : For a committee is not just a mere collection of individuals. Q: On him rests much of the responsibility for the success or failure of the committee. R : While this is happening we have an opportunity to get the 'feel' of this committe. S : As the meeting opens, he runs briskly through a number of formalities. S6: From the moment its members meet, it begins to have a sort nebulous life of its own.
S1: A force of exists between everybody in the universe. P : Normally it is very small but when the one of the bodies is a planet, like earth, the force is considerable. Q: It has been investigated by many scientists including Galileo and Newton. R : Everything on or near the surface of the earth is attracted by the mass of earth. S : This gravitational force depends on the mass of the bodies involved. S6: The greater the mass, the greater is the earth's force of attraction on it. We can call this force of attraction gravity. The Proper sequence should be:
S1: Calcutta unlike other cities kepts its trams. P : As a result there horrendous congestion. Q : It was going to be the first in South Asia. R : They run down the centre of the road S : To ease in the city decided to build an underground railway line. S6: The foundation stone was laid in 1972. The Proper sequence should be:
S1: For some time in his youth Abraham Lincoln was manager for a shop. P : Then a chance Customer would come. Q : Young Lincoln way of keeping shop was entirely unlike anyone else's. R : Lincoln would jump up and attend to his needs and then revert to his reading. S : He used to lie full length on the counter of the shop eagerly reading a book. S6: Never before had Lincoln had so much time for reading as had then. The Proper sequence should be:
S1: While talking to a group, one should feel self-confident and courageous. P: Nor is it a gift bestowed by Providence on only a few. Q: One should also learn how to think calmly and clearly. R: It is like the ability to play golf. S: It is not as difficult as most men imagine. S2: Any man can develop his capacity if he has the desire to do so. The proper sequence should be :
S1: All the land was covered by the ocean. P : The leading god fought the monster, killed it and chopped its body in to two halves. Q : A terrible monster prevented the gods from separating the land from the water. R : The god made the sky out of the upper part of the body and ornamented it with stars. S : The god created the earth from the lower part, grew plants on it and populated it with animals. S6: The god moulded the first people out of clay according to his own image and mind. The Proper sequence should be:
Question 26 Explanation:
All four segments use the same figures: two squares, one circle, and one triangle. In the first segment, the squares are on the outside of the circle and triangle. In the second segment, the squares are below the other two. In the third segment, the squares on are the inside. In the fourth segment, the squares are above the triangle and circle.
Question 27 Explanation:
In this series, the shaded part inside the circle gets larger and then smaller.
Question 28 Explanation:
The small figures are shifted upwards or downwards.
Question 29 Explanation:
In each row the signs point to a different direction. In addition, in each row one circle appears solid, one circle appears half solid, and one circle appears hollow.
Question 30 Explanation:
All figures are rectangular, c is a triangle; e is also correct as it is the only figure that is not symmetrical
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